Search Help


ILOSearch searches through the tables of contents, abstracts, and full-text (as each is available) of all the journals linked to in The Informed Librarian Online issues. Full-text of the Guest Forums, the Featured Articles, and other articles and reports of interest that we link to, are also included. View the alphabetical list of all of our titles and the list broken down into Subject Collections.


  • Enter search request: put your term or terms here
    Searches can be limited by either Journal Title, Subject Collection, and/or Date or current Informed Librarian Online issue.
  • To limit by Journal Title: either type in complete name of the journal from the alphabetical list of all of our titles or type in a word or words from the title.
  • To limit by Subject Collection: choose one, a few, or a range of Subject Collections from the dropdown box. First view the list broken down into Subject Collections to know which titles have been assigned to which subject headings. To select more than one collection, click on the first choice with your mouse, and scroll and select the other(s) by clicking while holding down the Control (Ctrl) key. All those you choose will remain higlighted.
  • To limit by Date: select a beginning and an ending month and date OR limit the results to a search of all the articles from the latest, current Informed Librarian Online issue only.
  • Select the Number of documents to retrieve: from 10 to 1000
  • Sort by: hits, name, date, size
  • Search type: boolean, any of the words, all of the words, or the exact phrase

    To begin a NEW SEARCH at any time, click on New Search on the search results page, or click on Search on the top navigation bar.

Search Type

any of the words or all of the words

Finds a list of words or phases

  • use "quotation marks" around phrases
  • add + in front of any word or phrase to require it
  • add - in front of any word or phrase or to exclude it
  • examples:
    banana pear "apple pie"
    "apple pie" -salad +"ice cream"

exact phrase

Finds a single phrase exactly as you typed it in


Finds a structured group of words or phrases linked by and, or not, w/.

  • examples:
    tart apple pie - the entire phrase must be present;
    apple pie and pear tart - both phrases must be present
    apple pie or pear tart - either phrase must be present
    apple pie and not pear tart - only apple must be present
    apple w/5 pear - apple must occur within 5 words of pear
    apple not w/27 pear - apple must not occur within 27 words of pear
    subject contains apple pie - finds apple pie in a subject field
  • use ( ) when a search includes two or more connectors:
    apple and pear or orange juice could mean (apple and pear) or orange, or it could mean apple and (pear or orange)

Search Features


Finds grammatical variations on endings, like applies, applied, applying in a search for apply

fuzzy searching

Finds words even if they are misspelled.  A search for alphabet with a fuzziness of 1 would also find alphaqet.  With a fuzziness of 3, the same search would find both alphaqet and alpkaqet

phonic searching

Finds words that sound alike, like Smythe in a search for Smith

synonym expansion

Finds word synonyms using a comprehensive English language thesaurus (dtSearch Web can also support custom thesaurus terms)

Special Characters

? matches any single character

appl? matches apply or apple

* matches any number of characters

appl*ion matches application

~~ indicates numeric range

14~~18 looks for 14, 15, 16, 17 or 18

xfirstword matches the first word of a document

apple pie w/10 xfirstword

xlastword matches the last word of a document

apple pie w/10 xlastword

variable term weights

A number after a word assigns a specific positive or negative weight when ranking retrieved documents. Example:

apple:5 salad:-2


Header of entry consists of journal title, volume and number, date of issue, subject collection that it is catalogued under, and title of the web page (which is often the article title).
If the article is in pdf format, it says it immediately following the title.
Click on the journal title, which is the live link, to see the actual result. When a result is viewed, the color of the link will change. They begin in blue and change to red after being viewed.
Other elements of the entry are: KWIC (keyword in context), the number of hits in the result, whether the journal is full-text (FT) or selected full-text (s/FT), and the ILO issue date that this link originally appeared in. When you click on show KWIC the KWIC will be displayed for you.
Score refers to the percentage representing the hit count - the entry with the most hits is 100% and the rest are proportionate to that.